October 12, 2018

Sreekanth B

Globant Most Frequently Asked Latest SQL Server Interview Questions Answers

Why are Views required in the SQL Server or in any other database?

  Views are very beneficial because of the following reasons:

Views are required to hide the complexity that is involved in the database schema and also to customize the data for a particular set of users.
Views provide a mechanism to control the access to particular rows and columns.
These help in aggregating the data to improve the performance of the database.

What command is used to delete a table from the database in the SQL Server and how?

Delete Command is used to delete any table from the database in the SQL Server. Following is the way to use this command:

Delete Name of the table

Ex: If the name of a table is “employee” then delete command to delete this table can be written as Delete employee.

Why is replication required on the SQL Server?

Replication is the mechanism which is used to synchronize the data among the multiple servers with the help of a replica set.

This is mainly used to increase the capacity of the reading and to provide an option to its users to select among various different servers to perform the read/write operations.
Globant Most Frequently Asked Latest SQL Server Interview Questions Answers
Globant Most Frequently Asked Latest SQL Server Interview Questions Answers

What command is used to create a database in the SQL Server and how?

CREATEDATABASE Command is used to create any database in the SQL Server. Following is the way to use this command:

CREATEDATABASE Name of the Database

Ex: If the name of a database is “employee” then create command to create this database can be written as CREATEDATABASE employee.

What function does a database engine serve in the SQL Server?

Database Engine is a type of a service in the SQL Server which starts as soon as the Operating System starts. This may run by default depending upon the settings in the O/S.

What are the advantages of having an index on the SQL Server?

The index has the following advantages:

Index supports the mechanism of having faster data retrieval from the database.
This forms a data structure in a way which helps in minimizing the data comparisons.

This improves the performance of the retrieval of the data from the database.

What is the SQL Profiler?

SQL Profiler provides a graphical representation of events in an instance of SQL Server for the monitoring and investment purpose. We can capture and save the data for further analysis. We can put filters as well to captures the specific data we want.

What do you mean by authentication modes in SQL Server?

There are two authentication modes in SQL Server.

Windows mode
Mixed Mode – SQL and Windows.

How can we check the SQL Server version?

By running the following command:

SELECT @@Version

Is it possible to call a stored procedure within a stored procedure?

Yes, we call a stored procedure within a stored procedure It is called recursion property of SQL server and these type of stored procedures are called nested stored procedures.

What are the common performance issues in SQL Server?

Following are the common performance issues:

Deadlocks
Blocking
Missing and unused indexes.
I/O bottlenecks
Poor Query plans
Fragmentation

List the various tools available for performance tuning?

There are various tools available for performance tuning:

Dynamic Management Views
SQL Server Profiler
Server Side Traces
Windows Performance monitor.
Query Plans
Tuning advisor

What is FOREIGN KEY

When a one table’s primary key field is added to related tables in order to create the common field which relates the two tables, it called a foreign key in other tables.

Foreign Key constraints enforce referential integrity.

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