October 12, 2018

Sreekanth B

KPIT Technologies Most Frequently Asked Latest SSAS Interview Questions Answers

Why we need named queries?

A named query is used to join multiple tables, to remove unnecessary columns from a table of a database. You can achieve the same in database using Views but this Named Queries will be the best bet whe you don’t have access to create Views in database.

 How will you add a new column to an existing table in data source view?

By using named calculations we can add a new column to an existing table in the data source view. Named Calculation is explained above.

 What is dimension table?

A dimension table contains hierarchical data by which you’d like to summarize. A dimension table contains specific business information, a dimension table that contains the specific name of each member of the dimension. The name of the dimension member is called an “attribute”

The key attribute in the dimension must contain a unique value for each member of the dimension. This key attribute is called “primary key column”

The primary key column of each dimension table corresponding to the one of the key column  in any related fact table.

What is fact table?

A fact table contains the basic information that you wish to summarize. The table that stores the detailed value for measure is called fact table. In simple and best we can define as “The table which contains METRICS” that are used to analyse the business.

It consists of 2 sections

1) Foregine key to the dimesion

2) measures/facts(a numerical value that used to monitor business activity)
KPIT Technologies Most Frequently Asked Latest SSAS Interview Questions Answers
KPIT Technologies Most Frequently Asked Latest SSAS Interview Questions Answers

What is Factless fact table?

This is very important interview question. The “Factless Fact Table” is a table which is similar to Fact Table except for having any measure; I mean that this table just has the links to the dimensions. These tables enable you to track events; indeed they are for recording events.

Factless fact tables are used for tracking a process or collecting stats. They are called so because, the fact table does not have aggregatable numeric values or information. They are mere key values with reference to the dimensions from which the stats can be collected

What is star, snowflake and star flake schema?

Star schema: In star schema fact table will be directly linked with all dimension tables. The star schema’s dimensions are denormalized with each dimension being represented by a single table. In a star schema a central fact table connects a number of individual dimension tables.

Snowflake: The snowflake schema is an extension of the star schema, where each point of the star explodes into more points. In a star schema, each dimension is represented by a single dimensional table, whereas in a snowflake schema, that dimensional table is normalized into multiple lookup tables, each representing a level in the dimensional hierarchy. In snow flake schema fact table will be linked directly as well as there will be some intermediate dimension tables between fact and dimension tables.

Star flake: A hybrid structure that contains a mixture of star(denormalized) and snowflake(normalized) schema’s.

What is use of AttributeHierarchyEnabled?

AttributeHierarchyEnabled: Determines whether an attribute hierarchy is generated by Analysis Services for the attribute. If the attribute hierarchy is not enabled, the attribute cannot be used in a user-defined hierarchy and the attribute hierarchy cannot be referenced in Multidimensional Expressions (MDX) statements.

What is use of AttributeHierarchyOptimizedState?

AttributeHierarchyOptimizedState: Determines the level of optimization applied to the attribute hierarchy. By default, an attribute hierarchy is FullyOptimized, which means that Analysis Services builds indexes for the attribute hierarchy to improve query performance. The other option, NotOptimized, means that no indexes are built for the attribute hierarchy. Using NotOptimized is useful if the attribute hierarchy is used for purposes other than querying, because no additional indexes are built for the attribute. Other uses for an attribute hierarchy can be helping to order another attribute.

What is use of AttributeHierarchyOrdered ?

AttributeHierarchyOrdered: Determines whether the associated attribute hierarchy is ordered. The default value is True. However, if an attribute hierarchy will not be used for querying, you can save processing time by changing the value of this property to False.

What is the use of AttributeHierarchyVisible ?

AttributeHierarchyVisible : Determines whether the attribute hierarchy is visible to client applications. The default value is True. However, if an attribute hierarchy will not be used for querying, you can save processing time by changing the value of this property to False.

What are types of storage modes?

There are three standard storage modes in OLAP applications

MOLAP
ROLAP
HOLAP

What is MOLAP and its advantage?

MOLAP (Multi dimensional Online Analytical Processing) : MOLAP is the most used storage type. Its designed to offer maximum query performance to the users. the data and aggregations are stored in a multidimensional format, compressed and optimized for performance. This is both good and bad. When a cube with MOLAP storage is processed, the data is pulled from the relational database, the aggregations are performed, and the data is stored in the AS database. The data inside the cube will refresh only when the cube is processed, so latency is high.

Advantages:

Since the data is stored on the OLAP server in optimized format, queries (even complex calculations) are faster than ROLAP.
The data is compressed so it takes up less space.
And because the data is stored on the OLAP server, you don’t need to keep the connection to the relational database.
Cube browsing is fastest using MOLAP.

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