October 13, 2018

Sreekanth B

SYNNEX Most Frequently Asked Spring MVC Latest Interview Questions Answers

What is the difference between singleton and prototype bean?

Mainly it is the scope of a beans which defines their existence on the application
Singleton : It means single bean definition to a single object instance per Spring IOC container.
Prototype : It means a single bean definition to any number of object instances.

How do beans become 'singleton' or prototype?

- There exists an attribute in bean tag, called 'singleton’.
- If it is marked 'true', the bean becomes 'singleton'.
- If it is marked 'false', the bean becomes 'prototype'.
What type of transaction Management Spring support?

Spring supports two types of transaction management:

1. Programmatic transaction management
2. Declarative transaction management.

When do you use programmatic and declarative transaction management?

Programmatic transaction management is used preferably when you have a small number of transactional operations.

Incase of large number of transactional operations it is better to use declarative transaction management.
SYNNEX Most Frequently Asked Spring MVC Latest Interview Questions Answers
SYNNEX Most Frequently Asked Spring MVC Latest Interview Questions Answers

What is IOC?


- IOC stands for Inversion of Control pattern.
- It is also called as dependency injection.
- This concept says that you do not create your objects but describe how they should be created.
- Similarly, you do not directly connect your components and services together in code but describe which services are needed by which components in a configuration file.
- A container then hooks them all up.

What are the different types of IoC (dependency injection)?

- There are three types of dependency injection:
1. Constructor Injection : Here dependencies are provided as constructor parameters.
2. Setter Injection : Dependencies are assigned through JavaBeans properties.
3. Interface Injection : Injection is performed through an interface.
- Spring supports only first two categories of Injection.

What are the benefits of IOC?

The main benefits of IOC or dependency injections are :
1. It minimizes the amount of code in your application.
2. It makes your application easy to test as it doesn't require any singletons or JNDI lookup mechanisms in your unit test cases.
3. Loose coupling is promoted with minimal effort and least intrusive mechanism.
4. IOC containers support eager instantiation and lazy loading of services.

What is Bean Wiring?

- Bean wiring means creating associations between application components i.e. beans within the spring container.

How do you access Hibernate using Spring ?

There are two ways to Spring’s Hibernate integration:
1. By Inversion of Control with a HibernateTemplate and Callback.
2. By extending HibernateDaoSupport and Applying an AOP Interceptor.

How would you integrate Spring and Hibernate using HibernateDaoSupport?

This can be done through Spring’s SessionFactory called LocalSessionFactory. The steps in integration process are:

1. Configure the Hibernate SessionFactory.
2. Extend your DAO Implementation from HibernateDaoSupport.
3. Wire in Transaction Support with AOP.

What are the various transaction manager implementations in Spring?

1. DataSourceTransactionManager : PlatformTransactionManager implementation for single JDBC data sources.

2. HibernateTransactionManager: PlatformTransactionManager implementation for single Hibernate session factories.

3. JdoTransactionManager : PlatformTransactionManager implementation for single JDO persistence manager factories.

4. JtaTransactionManager : PlatformTransactionManager implementation for JTA, i.e. J2EE container transactions.

What are the different modules in spring framework?

The Spring features or organized into about 20 modules. These modules are grouped into Core Container, Data Access/Integration, Web, AOP (Aspect Oriented Programming), Instrumentation and Test, as depicted below.

What is Auto Wiring in Spring?

- The Auto-wiring in spring framework can be performed by configuring in xml and Spring Auto-Wiring with Annotation @Autowired.

- Auto-wiring beans with xml configuration: In Spring framework, you can wire beans automatically with auto-wiring feature. To enable auto-wiring just define the “autowire” attribute in <bean> tag.

<bean id="customer" class="com.test.autowire.Customer" autowire="byName" />

There are five modes of Auto-wiring supported.

1. no – Default, no auto wiring, set it manually via “ref” attribute.
<bean id="customer" class="com.test.autowire.Customer">
<property name="person" ref="person" />
</bean>
<bean id="person" class="com.test.autowire.Person" />

2. byName – Auto wiring by property name. If the name of a bean is same as the name of other bean property, auto wire it.

- In below example the name of the person bean is same as name of “customer” bean’s property Person object. So spring will auto-wire it via setter method.
<bean id="customer" class="com.test.autowire.Customer" autowire="byName"/>
<bean id="person" class="com.test.autowire.Person" />

3. byType – Auto wiring by property data type. If data type of a bean is compatible with the data type of other bean property, auto wire it.

- In below example the data type of the person bean is same as name of “customer” bean’s property Person object. So spring will auto-wire it via setter method.
<bean id="customer" class="com.test.autowire.Customer" autowire="byType"/>
<bean id="person" class="com.test.autowire.Person" />

4. constructor – byType mode in constructor argument.

- Here the data type of “person” bean is same as the constructor argument data type in “customer” bean’s property (Person object), so, Spring auto wired it via constructor method – “public Customer(Person person)”
<bean id="customer" class="com.test.autowire.Customer" autowire="constructor"/>
<bean id="person" class="com.test.autowire.Person" />

5. autodetect – If a default constructor is found, use “autowired by constructor”; Otherwise, use “autowire by type”.

- If a default constructor is found, uses “constructor”; Otherwise, uses “byType”. In this case, since there is a default constructor in “Customer” class, so, Spring auto wired it via constructor method – “public Customer(Person person)”.

<bean id="customer" class="com.test.autowire.Customer" autowire="autodetect"/>
<bean id="person" class="com.test.autowire.Person" />

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