November 10, 2018

Sreekanth B

Apple Most Frequently Asked Latest SQL Server Interview Questions Answers

What Are The New Features In Sql Server 2005 When Compared To Sql Server 2000?

There are quite a lot of changes and enhancements in SQL Server 2005. Few of them are listed here

Database Partitioning
Dynamic Management Views
System Catalog Views
Resource Database
Database Snapshots
SQL Server Integration Services
Support for Analysis Services on a a Failover Cluster.

Profiler being able to trace the MDX queries of the Analysis Server.
Peer-toPeer Replication
Database Mirroring

What Are The High-availability Solutions In Sql Server And Differentiate Them Briefly?

Failover Clustering, Database Mirroring, Log Shipping and Replication are the High-Availability features available in SQL Server. I would recommend reading this blog of mine which explains the differences between these 4 features.

How Do You Troubleshoot Errors In A Sql Server Agent Job?

Inside SSMS, in Object explorer under SQL Server Agent look for Job Activity Monitor. The job activity monitor displays the current status of all the jobs on the instance. Choose the particular job which failed, right click and choose view history from the drop down menu. The execution history of the job is displayed and you may choose the execution time (if the job failed multiple times during the same day). There would information such as the time it took to execute that Job and details about the error occurred.

What Is The Default Port No On Which Sql Server Listens?

1433

What Is Transparent Data Encryption?

Introduced in SQL Server 2008 Transparent Data Encryption (TDE) is a mechanism through which you can protect the SQL Server Database files from unauthorized access through encryption. Also, TDE can protect the database backups of the instance on which TDE was setup.
Apple Most Frequently Asked Latest SQL Server Interview Questions Answers
Apple Most Frequently Asked Latest SQL Server Interview Questions Answers

Does Transparent Data Encryption Provide Encryption When Transmitting Data Across Network?

No, Transparent Data Encryption (TDE) does not encrypt the data during transfer over a communication channel.

What Are The Operating Modes In Which Database Mirroring Runs?

Database Mirroring runs in 2 operating modes High-Safety Mode and High-Performance Mode.

What Is The Difference Between The 2 Operating Modes Of Database Mirroring?

High-Safety Mode is to ensure that the Principal and Mirrored database are synchronized state, that is the transactions are committed at the same time on both servers to ensure consistency, but there is/might be a time lag.

High-Performance Mode is to ensure that the Principal database run faster, by not waiting for the Mirrored database to commit the transactions. There is a slight chance of data loss and also the Mirrored database can be lagging behind (in terms being up to date with Principal database) if there is a heavy load on the Mirrored Server.

What Is Fill Factor?

Fill Factor is a setting that is applicable to Indexes in SQL Server. The fill factor value determines how much data is written to an index page when it is created / rebuilt.

What Is The Default Fill Factor Value?

By default the fill factor value is set to 0.

Where Do You Find The Default Index Fill Factor And How To Change It?

The easiest way to find and change the default fill factor value is from Management Studio, right-click the SQL Server and choose properties. In the Server Properties, choose Database Settings, you should see the default fill factor value in the top section. You can change to a desired value there and click OK to save the changes. The other option of viewing and changing this value is using

What Is A System Database And What Is A User Database?

System databases are the default databases that are installed when the SQL Server is installed. Basically there are 4 system databases: Master, MSDB, TempDB and Model. It is highly recommended that these databases are not modified or altered for smooth functioning of the SQL System.

A user database is a database that we create to store data and start working with  the data.

How Many Files Can A Database Contain In Sql Server?how Many Types Of Data Files Exists In Sql Server? How Many Of Those Files Can Exist For A Single Database?

A Database can contain a maximum of 32,767 files.
There are Primarily 2 types of data files Primary data file and Secondary data file(s)
There can be only one Primary data file and multiple secondary data files as long as thetotal # of files is less than 32,767 files

What Is Dcl?

DCL stands for Data Control Language.

What Are The Commands Used In Dcl?

GRANT, DENY and REVOKE.

What Are The Different Authentication Modes In Sql Server And How Can You Change Authentication Mode?

SQL Server has 2 Authentication modes: Windows Authentication and SQL Server and Windows Authentication mode also referred as Mixed Mode.

What Are The Differences In Clustering In Sql Server 2005 And 2008 Or 2008 R2?

On SQL Server 2005, installing SQL Server failover cluster is a single step process whereas on SQL Server 2008 or above it is a multi-step process. That is, in SQL Server 2005, the Installation process itself installs on all of the nodes (be it 2 nodes or 3 nodes). In 2008 or above this has changed, we would need to install separately on all the nodes. 2 times if it is a 2 node cluster or 3 times in a 3 node cluster and so on.

What Is Meant By Active – Passive And Active – Active Clustering Setup?

An Active – Passive cluster is a failover cluster configured in a way that only one cluster node is active at any given time. The other node, called as Passive node is always online but in an idle condition, waiting for a failure of the Active Node, upon which the Passive Node takes over the SQL Server Services and this becomes the Active Node, the previous Active Node now being a Passive Node.

An Active –Active cluster is a failover cluster configured in a way that both the cluster nodes are active at any given point of time. That is, one Instance of SQL Server is running on each of the nodes always; when one of the nodes has a failure, both the Instances run on the only one node until the failed node is brought up (after fixing the issue that caused the node failure). The instance is then failed over back to its designated node.

List Out Some Of The Requirements To Setup A Sql Server Failover Cluster.?

Virtual network name for the SQL Server, Virtual IP address for SQL Server, IP addresses for the Public Network and Private Network(also referred as Hearbeat) for each node in the failover cluster, shared drives for SQL Server Data and Log files, Quorum Disk and MSDTC Disk.

On A Windows Server 2003 Active – Passive Failover Cluster, How Do You Find The Node Which Is Active?

Using Cluster Administrator, connect to the cluster and select the SQL Server cluster.  Once you have selected the SQL Server group, in the right hand side of the console, the column“Owner” gives us the information of the node on which the SQL Server group is currently active.

How Do You Open A Cluster Administrator?

From Start -> Run and type CluAdmin (case insensitive) and the Cluster Administrator console is displayed OR you can also go to Start -> All programs -> Administrative Tools -> Cluster Administrator.

Due To Some Maintenance Being Done, The Sql Server On A Failover Cluster Needs To Be Brought Down. How Do You Bring The Sql Server Down?

In the Cluster Administrator, rick click on the SQL Server Group and from the popup menu item choose Take Offline.

What Are The Different Ways You Can Create Databases In Sql Server?

T-SQL; Create Database command.
Using Management Studio
Restoring a database backup
Copy Database wizard

When Setting Replication, Can You Have Distributor On Sql Server 2005, Publisher On Sql Server 2008?

No you cannot have a Distributor on a previous version than the Publisher.

When Setting Replication, Is It Possible To Have A Publisher As 64 Bit Sql Server And Distributor Or Subscribers As A 32 Bit Sql Server.

Yes it is possible to have various configurations in a Replication environment.

What Is The Difference Between Dropping A Database And Taking A Database Offline?

Drop database deletes the database along with the physical files, it is not possible to bring back the database unless you have a backup of the database. When you take a database offline, you the database is not available for users, it is not deleted physically, it can be brought back online.

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